My roommate had a nosebleed a while ago, and I thought that it might be a good idea to go into why people get nosebleeds and how to properly take care of one.
What are the common causes for nosebleeds?
Picking your nose or Minor injuries
When you pick your nose, you might scratch against a blood vessel that lines the inside of your nose, which leads to blood escaping the vessel and your nose. Minor injuries like bashing your nose against a table or being punched in the nose can lead to the breaking of the blood vessels too.
Colds or Allergies or Dry, heated air or Blowing your nose
The inside of your nostrils are usually lined with mucous, which makes it a moist environment. On the other hand, these situations, excluding blowing your nose, cause your blood vessels to dry out and and become crusty, which can lead to the breaking of the vessels. Blowing your nose while having a cold or an allergic reaction can further irritate the vessel lining of your nose, which can eventually lead to a nosebleed too.
How to take care of a nosebleed
If your nose is bleeding because of a sustained injury, make sure to go see your doctor to ensure that everything is okay. If your nose starts bleeding on its own, likely due to the other reasons, then here are some things you should do:
- Do not lie down
- Damp washcloths usually work best to catch blood
- Do not tip your head back
- Pinch the part of your nose just below the bony part and breathe through your mouth for 10 minutes or so. If you do this for 20 minutes and your nose is still bleeding, talk to your doctor.
- If you have a room with dry air, getting a humidifier helps to prevent future nosebleeds.
Both of the italicized points are things you should not do. They both lead to the blood going down, into your throat, which can lead to you choking on your blood. So please remember to sit up or stand with your head leaned forward, not back!
See your doctor if: you feel like you might pass out, you look like you’re losing too much blood or you just started taking a new prescription.
So, all you nose-pickers, watch out because winter might be the worst time for you to do your thing; the dry air will make your nose lining less moist and picking your nose is basically like begging for a nosebleed.
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